- Just man acts justly.
Knowledge could be used either good or evil.
Unjust: unlawful & inequitable (claim more)
Just: lawful & equitable
Justice is whole of virtue; is completed virtue—treating others well
Justice indicates two different things: complete virtue & part of virtue
- Special justice as a part of virtue: distributive & corrective
Unjust-wickedness: self-indulgence, cowardice, anger
- Distributive: money, honors, (evils, burdens)
One deserves more, gets more. Distribute by proportionate
People expect government do “noblesse oblige” better than individuals.
People deserve what they did.
B (situation before) ————A (situation after)
Punishment (revenge (natural but irrational); correct; doesn’t do anything better)
- Money is invented—community—equal
- political justice is governed by the rule of law; domestic justice relies more on respect.
True justice only comes from a virtuous disposition.
Injustice involves at least two people. (In the case of suicide, the victim is the state.)
Virtue of soul:
- Irrational—virtues of character—habit
- Rational—virtues of intellect: knowing part—contemplates being (truths of science and mathematics); calculating part (practical matters of human life)—becoming
Animals do not act.
Three things govern action & truth: *action=deliberation + desiring
1. a. art (techne): know by doing, making (process of coming into being); b. knowledge: know how; c. practical judgment: wisdom, prudence—deliberation; d. wisdom; e. intellective
2. The intellectual virtues help us to know what is just and admirable, and the moral virtues help us to do just and admirable deeds.