“Sermon on the Mount”, Matthew 5-7

Thesis:

“Sermon on the Mount” is a law, which declares the type of people who are under protection, consolidates the authority of Jesus, and sets up regulations for people about what they are allowed to do and what are prohibited to act.

Structure:

I. The beatitudes of declaration of people under the protection of God

  • He went up on the mountain and taught the crowds, who are able to be educated. Human nature could be taught.
  • People, who are the poor in spirit, who mourn, who are the meek, who hunger and thirst for righteousness, who are the merciful, who are the pure in heart, who are the peacemakers, and who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake are blessed. In the view of political life, the poor in spirit people are able to be filled/ (educated); they could surrender to the authority of God. People who mourn are people who are able to examine themselves; they could be better. The meek people and people who are the pure in heart are ruled easily. People who hunger and thirst for righteousness and the peacemakers are pursuing a political life for the reason of justice. The merciful people are able to judge what is right/wrong. People who are reviled and persecuted as the result of surrendering to God’s authority are blessed.
  • The right attitude towards life and misery is being glad.

II. The world and people are ruled by laws; the mission of Christ is to fulfill the law.

  • Jesus admits people’s value. They are salt and light. They are ordinary but necessary. They need to realize their value through practice the laws made by God.
  • “You shall not murder; you shall not commit adultery; do not marry a divorced woman; you shall not swear falsely, but shall perform to the Lord what you have sworn; do not resist the one who is evil; Love your enemies” (Matthew 5). These laws require people to be moderate, temperate and endurable, while treat everyone equally.
  • The laws of God require people to give privately, without drawing attention to the giver and the praise of men; to pray and fast piously; to save their spiritual treasures rather than material wealth; and to always be eased and satisfied.
  • The laws of God prohibit people judging others. It is required to examine oneself first. People need to believe in the authority of Jesus, since once you pray/ask, it will be given. And “so whatever you wish that others would do to you, do also to them” (Matthew 7,12).

III. The absolute authority only belongs to God

People are required to beware of false prophets, being able to distinguish truth and fake. The authority of Jesus is absolute, while no one could prophesy in Jesus’ name.

The wise man will practice Jesus’ words, building his house on the rock.

Conclusion:

People gathered freely and politically, with practicing the laws, under the protection of God. The pursuit of people is happiness and justice/righteousness according to Mattew. God plays the role of rule-maker, while Christ came to fulfill the law. People could be blessed and go to heaven, only if they surrender to the authority of Jesus and practice the laws, doing thing morally.

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